What are The Common Signs & Symptoms of Depression?

What are The Common Signs & Symptoms of Depression?

Depression is a common medical condition. Depression is a constant feeling of emptiness, sadness, and a loss of interest in everything. It affects your every action, like what you do, how you feel, and most importantly, what you think. Depression does not only affect your mind; it also affects you physically. The things you once loved to do now look boring and are of no interest. Sitting and staring at the wall, or spacing out, is common. Activities that you did regularly now seem difficult to do, and sometimes there is a voice inside you that says it’s better to quit living. Depression is surely a medical condition that requires proper treatment. Moreover, it is important to identify if someone is in this mental state. There are several common Signs and symptoms of depression. Because of the symptoms, you can identify depression.

Symptoms of depression 

Symptoms of depression vary from person to person, but there are some common Signs and symptoms of depression that one can surely notice.

  1. The feeling of hopelessness: There is a constant feeling of hopelessness. People suffering from depression think that there is no hope for them in any field of work or even the tasks they are doing. Many people also feel that they are not worthy of the life they are living or that they are simply worthless.
  2. Loss of interest: There is a gradual decrease in interest in the activities that were your favorites. The hobbies you love are not interesting anymore, and you don’t want to do them. Even waking up in the morning is less interesting.
  3. Sadness: Sadness is the constant feeling that you feel. Even when a joke is said to you, you don’t laugh at it because it is not funny. But that joke was funny! Every day, you feel sad, even when there is no specific reason to be sad.
  4. Anxiety: Worrying without any reason is also a common symptom of depression. The person who is suffering from depression is constantly worried about the outcome of minor situations.
  5. Irritability: Getting angry at minor things and irritated by small things is also a sign of depression. 

Diagnosis of depression

The diagnosis of depression includes clinical interviews, self-identified symptoms, and sometimes questionnaires with doctors. Here are the steps involved in diagnosing depression:

  1. Clinical Interview: During the interview, a healthcare provider, such as a psychiatrist, psychologist, or primary healthcare doctor, will ask you some basic questions. Those questions will be based on your symptoms, their duration, and your day-to-day activities.
  2. Blood test: There are no specific lab tests for depression, but still, your healthcare provider may opt for a lab test. Through blood tests, they can check for other conditions, such as thyroid, which might be causing the symptoms.
  3. Diagnostic criteria for depression: Diagnosing depression can be done by using criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). It is published by the American Psychiatric Association. According to this, if you are suffering from depression, you will experience five common Signs and symptoms of depression in two weeks, and of those symptoms, the depressed mood should be the one you experience.

 Treatment of depression

 Depression can be treated through therapies or medications.

  1. Psychotherapy: With psychotherapies like cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), interpersonal therapy (IT), and psychodynamic therapy, depression can be treated. These therapies help you to identify and change your negative thoughts, improve communication patterns and interpersonal relations, and explore how past trauma can influence your current thought process. 
  2. Medications: Doctors might prescribe you some antidepressants that help balance the chemicals in the brain that influence your moods. You may be prescribed different medications, such as anti-anxiety or mood stabilizers, based on your symptoms or other conditions.

 Lifestyle suggestions for managing depression

When you upgrade your lifestyle to manage depression, it can be a tough process, but it will be worth it. Here are some suggestions: 

  1. Meditation and regular exercise: Meditating for 15 minutes a day will help you to clear your mind and will calm you. On the other hand, exercising for 30 minutes will help you increase your activity level. Jogging, running, or swimming are some of the best options that you can do regularly.
  2. Balanced diet: Make sure your diet is full of healthy food and nutrients. Your diet should have the right amount of proteins, whole grains, and healthy fats, along with fruits and vegetables.  You should maintain a proper diet and keep yourself hydrated throughout the day.
  3. Routine: Create a daily routine for yourself. A to-do list will help you manage your tasks, and the completion of these tasks will provide you with a sense of achievement as well as a sense of purpose.
  4. Avoid alcohol and drugs: Recreational drugs and alcohol can become obstacles in your depression treatment. Try to lessen the consumption of alcohol and stop the use of drugs. If needed, consult with your doctor.

 How can we help those with depression?

Identify the common symptoms of depression that they are experiencing. After identifying them, you can follow the following steps:

  1. Understand depression: Before helping anyone, you should understand their problem.  The person who is depressed needs you to understand what depression is and how they feel. After educating yourself about depression, you can understand and help them, and you will even be able to identify the common Signs and symptoms of depression.
  2. Be non-judgmental. When someone is suffering from this mental condition, they don’t want your judgmental remarks. Instead of judging them, support them in their recovery and listen to them. Therefore, make them feel that you are there for them.
  3. Maintain connection: Do check on them regularly, whether through a call or a simple text message. This gesture will make them feel wanted. Try to go out with them or invite them to social events, but if they decline the invitation, don’t pressure them or blackmail them. 
  4. Professional help: If the person suffering from depression hasn’t met with the doctor, do encourage them to seek depression treatment in Chicago. Therefore, visit Millenium Park Medical Associates for the proper treatment of depression. Don’t worry; give us a call, and we will take care of your depression with the utmost care.  An individual suffering from depression may be afraid of seeking medical help, but our professionals are here to provide assistance and support in their recovery journey.

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