Common STDs and What to Do About Them

Common STDs and What to Do About Them

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that a staggering 1 in 5 people has a sexually transmitted disease (STD), and many of them don’t even know it. You could be one of them.

Although some sexual activity is riskier than others, all sexuall activity comes with the chance of exposure to infectious bacteria and viruses.The best way to know for sure whether you’re infected or not is to get screened regularly.

If you live in or around the Lakeview or The Loop communities in Chicago, Illinois, you have access to one of the most discreet screening facilities in the Windy City. At Millennium Park Medical AssociatesDr. Farah Khan and our team of medical experts test you for STDs compassionately, respectfully, and professionally.

And because we have an in-house lab facility, we can process the results quickly. Here’s a look at the most common types of STDs and how we treat them.

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a highly contagious bacterial infection of the genitals. You can get it or pass it to a partner through sexual intercourse or simply through genital-to-genital contact.

Symptoms include:

Women with chlamydia may also experience bleeding between menstrual periods, inflammation of the cervix, and discolored vaginal discharge. Men may have pain in their testicles.

If you ignore chlamydia, it can progress and cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), infection of the prostate gland, and/or infertility. Pregnant mothers with untreated chlamydia can pass it to their babies during delivery, leading to eye infections or pneumonia in the child.

Treatment for chlamydia is typically a course of antibiotics.

Gonorrhea

Another bacterial infection, gonorrhea lives in moist, warm environments, which is why it thrives around genitals.

The symptoms are similar to those of chlamydia:

But gonorrhea also comes with:

Symptoms start about 1-3 weeks after you’ve been infected. Like chlamydia, untreated gonorrhea can lead to PID and infertility. The condition is treated with antibiotics.

Genital herpes

Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a viral infection that can be passed between partners who have skin-to-skin contact with one another. There are two main types of this infection: HSV-1 and HSV-2.

HSV-1

Oral herpes appears as cold sores of fever blisters. It can be passed by kissing or by sharing lip balm, lipstick, or utensils.

HSV-2

Genital herpes is contracted through sexual contact; you can even get it from someone who has no symptoms, which (when they are present) include:

There is no cure for herpes, but the symptoms are treatable. Dr. Khan may prescribe various medications to reduce the frequency and intensity of your outbreaks and lower your risk of infecting others.

Syphilis

Caused by a bacterium, syphilis progresses in four distinct stages:

  1. Primary: Within the first month, infectious sores appear on the genitals and last about six weeks
  2. Secondary: Skin rashes appear on your palms and the soles of your feet
  3. Latent: The infection lies dormant for months or years but is still contagious
  4. Tertiary: The infection reactivates (even decades later) and may lead to mental illness, blindness, deafness, meningitis, stroke, and/or brain infections

We can treat syphilis easily with penicillin in its first two stages, but once it progresses to the latent or tertiary stages, antibiotics won’t address the complications.

Human papillomavirus (HPV)

The human papillomavirus infects about 42 million Americans, and about 13 million more are infected every year, making it the most common STD. HPV spreads through skin-to-skin contact and/or having sex with an infected person, and the main symptom is genital warts.

We can treat HPV with medication to get rid of the warts, but having HPV increases your risk for some cancers. There is an HPV vaccine available to prevent an infection.

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

The human immunodeficiency virus attacks your immune system. You get HIV by having sex with an infected person, and once you have it, you have it for the rest of your life.

HIV symptoms show up 2-4 weeks after exposure and typically include:

HIV develops in three stages, starting with an acute infection, followed by a chronic condition, then finally — acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), the most severe and advanced stage.

While there’s no cure for HIV, treatments can reduce the amount of the virus in your body.

If you have sex, you need to get screened for these and other STDs. Early detection is your best bet for recovery of your health and control over symptoms. To set up an STD screening, call our friendly staff or book your visit online today.

You Might Also Enjoy...

Burning on Urination: When to Seek Medical Help

A common symptom that can point to several underlying problems is burning on urination, or dysuria. Urinary tract infections, irritations, and inflammation are frequently linked to it. It can affect men and women of any age, although it primarily affects women. Dysuria and urinary tract infections are frequently linked. Dysuria is discomfort or pain during […]

Living Your Best Life With Diabetes: Tips For Management and Wellbeing

People with diabetes ought to manage their health in a way that can manage their lifestyle to keep them healthy for longer periods. Diabetes is a lifelong disease, and to remain healthy, you need to create a strategy that makes you able to live with it. Nowadays, when people are diagnosed with diabetes, they start […]

Consulting a Specialist for UTI in Chicago

Are you being repulsive towards the upsetting pain when you go to the bathroom? Does it hurt when you pee, or do you have an irresistible urge to go to the bathroom more frequently? Ever wonder why it is happening to you or what could be the possible reason behind this deplorable amiss? Well, do […]

 The Role of Primary Care Physicians in Chicago

In the bustling city of Chicago, where the pace of life is exhilarating, it’s easy to overlook one of the most critical aspects of your well-being – your health. In this metropolis, having a Primary Care Physician (PCP) can be your anchor to a healthier, happier life. Welcome to a detailed exploration of why having […]

 How to Lower Blood Pressure Naturally?

Blood pressure is the pressure that blood must exert to move through the arteries. Your heart pumps oxygen-rich blood into your arteries. They distribute it to the tissues and cells of your body. Too much high blood pressure can cause health problems. If you want to lower blood pressure, there are some effective strategies that […]

DIABETES TREATMENT

INTRODUCTION Diabetes keeps you alert all the time. Diabetic neuropathy, diabetic retinopathy, coronary heart disease, and kidney damage are all potential issues if you don’t control your blood sugar. So, if you ignore your illness, you could face major impacts. People with diabetes frequently experience excruciating pain and have problems managing their blood sugar levels. […]

Millennium Park Medical Associates, SC